Press service of the Nobel Foundation announced that today will be named the winner of the literature prize and the award itself will be held in December, the day of the death of Alfred Nobel.
First on the list of candidates for this one of the most famous and popular of the Nobel prizes (literature) about 300 names. However, at the time of announcement of the winner list is reduced to 15-20 people, and then – up to five candidates from which the members of the academy in October to elect a majority of votes.
Prize for Literature is one of the five, bequests, in the late 19th century by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. The amount of each of the Nobel Prize this year is 8 million Swedish crowns (953,000 US dollars).
Russian writers have also become Nobel laureates. The first Nobel Prize in literature, Ivan Bunin was in 1933, followed by Boris Pasternak in 1958. In 1965, the Nobel Prize was awarded to Sholokhov, and in 1970 Solzhenitsyn.