Slavoj Zizek. Dreams and fantasies of modern society
The function of ideology is not to offer us a way to escape from reality, but rather to present the very social reality as a shelter from some traumatic, real essence.
From our publications we have not had a good philosophical literature, in which there would be answers to some questions and contradictions of modern life. Slavoj Zizek – a well-known leftist philosopher, who lives today in Slovenia. His performances and workshops are waiting for many universities in the world, and the style of “Crazy” pressure, unusual way of expressing information …
In the sphere of his scientific interests – political philosophy, sociology, aesthetics, and many other forms and processes occurring in modern society. The urgency of it is that it analyzes the current moment, the beginning of catches trends in various spheres of life.
Slavoj Zizek was born in Ljubljana, Slovenia, in 1949, he was a professor at the European Graduate School, Director of the International Institute for Human Sciences Birkberk in Birkberk College, University of London, and is a senior fellow at the Institute of Social Sciences at the University of Ljubljana. As a visiting professor has collaborated with Columbia University in New York, the University of Paris VIII, as well as several other prestigious educational institutions on both sides of the Atlantic. Slavoj Zizek has become known in wider circles through his philosophical and documentary film “Kinogid pervert”, in which he interprets the modern cinema.
In this article we have tried to consider two works of the Slovenian philosopher – “plague of fantasies” and “On Violence”.
Truth Slavoj Zizek
Slavoj Zizek World is built around a Freudian psychoanalysis, supplemented by postmodern philosophy, and the inverted state of the perception of reality, driven to the absurd simplification of traditional social structures and values. Where is the truth? Postmodern words, Zizek does not answer this question. He only offers to simplify any design and organize re – text to text, discourse to the discourse of the sign to the sign.
Despite the fact that his perception of reality close to postmodernism, he strongly rejects such samonaimenovanie. Truth of Zizek is built around decrypt hidden reality, which can be found after the analysis of ideologies, distorting it. In addition, the world Zizek almost everything obeys dialect
What may say in a book “The plague of fantasies” for the reader? Adventurous philosophical novel in which the trajectory is determined by unexpected adventures offered Zizek moves? Magic spell Lacanian rhetorical built around the products of modern culture? Intellectual game in the style of “find common between love and ink?” None of these and other strategies of reading exhaust the image of the “Plague of fantasy.” And this is connected not so much with some manner of writing or universalism ideas outlined in this book, as with the intellectual experiment that imposes the author of his readers. Presumably, that would not look strange thesis that Zizek in his book offers a different mode of reading – reading mode, instrumental case, do not read about something, do not read that for which it is important to read something about the subject (reading prepositional mode), and, when that idea runs only on the subject – in order to run for other subjects. The excitement with which Zizek proposes to consider the various topics (whether Schumann, cyberspace or the consequences of Stalinism) is not easy to explain the delusions of sense to invest in any cultural phenomenon. It is important to not only understand the subject from any point of view was how to find a foothold, which will push off from the subject and take a new step. If in the case of reading in the prepositional mode of thought moves to the subject, trying to (here you can recall different examples from the history of thought) closer to the subject, to understand it, to open it, expand it, the movement of thought in the instrumental reading mode (who represents himself Zizek ) reminiscent of the movement of the tangent, touching only the thing which allow to continue the line moving forward. A variety of such movements tangentially forcing many to stand in a skeptical position, an attitude of distrust towards this type of reflection, does not claim to reliability and verifiability. The main claim, which can often be heard in relation to the phenomena of reading culture among Zizek, is not sufficiently reasoned consideration of the subject and the neglect of the holistic, “objective” of the moment. It is not difficult to understand that such a claim is based on a different understanding of the ability to read – the submission, without taking into account the possibility of “tangent” instrumental mode. The history of thought, including the history of reading comprehension strategies, often encounters such rejection. Every time you can watch the opposition of “subjectivist” reading, concerned the use of text and adjustment to it under its own interests, reading “objectivist”, for which the text is important, not how it can operate within our subjectivity. Absolutization this distinction leads to the rejection of instrumental reading mode, calling him the instrumental approach to the text, the approach unscientific, it is the personal approach, assuming in each case, the reader is more important than himself, his world and his intention, rather than the intentions of the text. It can be from different sides to challenge the rejection of such a mode of reading, but in the case of books Zizek must be admitted that she “subjectivation”, which critics say this method of reading, she can act as instrumental read-only mode. In other words, the very subjectivity of reading Zizek of certain cultural phenomena should be seen as another way of instrumental reading, rather than as an absolute subjectivity. Hence it is easy to conclude that the book itself Zizek should be read not so much in the prepositional mode (which told the Slovenian philosopher, what are the true motives of this book, you need to know to understand the idea of ??Zizek?), But in fact, in which his book will be movement tangentially life of the reader. And if this movement is going to happen, we can safely assume that the reader is switched on, in Zizek’s thought that the book “The plague of fantasies” was an event that affected the reader and allowed him to go on. Do not dwell on the read and do read of the matter – that is, in fact, the slogan of the book, and, perhaps, the very act of reading. And how many of these movements will be the reader – depends solely on himself, by his courage to read. Chapter titles and cynically eloquently speak for themselves: “Love your neighbor? No, thank you! “,” Fetishism and its vicissitudes “,” Cyberspace, or intolerable isolation of being. ”
“The desire arises when the drive falls into the web of laws / prohibition in a vicious circle in which” in the enjoyment should be denied to access it was possible only with the help of an inverted ladder of the Law of Desire “(definition given by Lacan castration), and fantasy – it is a narrative of the original loss, as it organizes the process of renunciation, the appearance of the law. In this sense, imagination is the most screen that separates desire from the desire: it tells a story that allows the subject to correctly perceive the void around which circulates attraction as the initial substantial loss of desire. ”
What is a bank robbery compared to the base of the bank? What is the violence perpetrated against the law, as compared to the violence that is supported and sanctified by the name of the law? This puts pointed questions in this book, renowned philosopher Slavoj Zizek left. He calls us to break free from the spell of the visible direct “subjective” violence and see flashes of his less catchy systemic violence flourished in the shadow of the institutions of modern liberal society. The violence – it is not a direct characteristic of certain actions. The same action can be considered violent and non-violent, depending on the context. Sometimes a polite smile protocol can be more violent than aggressive bullying.
It was an introduction to the latest most significant creation of the philosopher. “On Violence” – this analysis in terms Zizek and postmodernism key problems of modern society in politics and other social relations.
The bottom line is that the subjective and objective violence can not be distinguished from one point of view: subjective violence is perceived as such only against the background of non-violent zero level. It seems to be a violation of the “normal”, peaceful state of affairs. But the objective violence is precisely the violence is inherent in this “normal” state of affairs. Objective violence is invisible, because it maintains the same standard of zero, thanks to which we perceive something as a subjective violence. Thus, systemic violence is a certain similarity of the notorious “dark matter” in physics, the addition of too much of the visible subjective violence. It may be invisible, but it is necessary to explain what otherwise seems to be “irrational” flash subjective violence.
In order to read at least one book of contemporary philosophy need nedyuzhennaya exposure. From the first page it may be as deep sympathy, a sense of “truth” and a sharp rejection of interpretation familiar to us things and phenomena. We recommend getting acquainted with the works of Slavoj Zizek is the second book “On Violence”. This is the actual modern day book written by a relatively simple language and reflects the essence of most of the problems of modern society.