The killings, which changed the course of history
World events in the majority – the result of the interaction of many factors. But sometimes one thing could be the straw that breaks the camel’s back and changes the course of history. Political killings, more unpredictability of their consequences can be attributed to such events.
First Prime Minister of the Congo, speaking for the country’s independence from Belgium. June 6th, 1960 at a ceremony in the presence of the Belgian King Baudouin I uttered the famous speech in which he said that the Congo will not be a puppet in the hands of Belgium. (Actually, it is precisely Belgium expected, giving the independence of the Congo). The Belgian Government was going to maintain control over natural reserves, including deposits of uranium, gold, oil.
After the speech, Lumumba in the country, riots broke out in the Congo, invaded Western countries, including the United States. The USSR sent to help Lumumba supporters of Soviet and Czechoslovak advisers and ten military transport aircraft, one of which, according to the official version, was a personal gift Khrushchev Lumumba. However, Patrice Lumumba was captured and executed after being tortured.
Information about the details of the death of Patrice Lumumba has long been a secret. It was only in the 2000s, his son Francois had sent a request to the Belgian Parliament, and the events have been restored. It turned out that the murder of the Prime Minister is not going to just lazy. In the list of those who wish his death, the Belgian King Baudouin I, US President Eisenhower and British intelligence service MI6.
Emperor Haile Selassie
The last Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie came from a dynasty of descendants of King Solomon and was considered the incarnation of God on Earth Jha. Rastafarianism movement appeared during his lifetime (the word “Rastafari” is derived from “races” – the highest military rank of Ethiopia and “Tafari” – one of the names of Haile Selassie).
He led Ethiopia for 36 years, led the army during the Italian invasion of 1935-1936. (The Italians used flamethrowers, tanks and chemical weapons, while Haile Selassie as the army was armed with spears and shields). The emperor held a number of political reforms, thanks to which the state has become a no international weight and was taken in the United Nations. He also introduced the constitution (but asserts the divine origin of his power) and abolished slavery. In 1960 Haile Selassie helped form the Organization of African Unity.
In 1972-1973, following the widespread famine in the country the revolution broke out, which resulted in the aged emperor was deposed and later died under mysterious circumstances. Presumably, he was strangled by supporters of his successor, Mengistu Mariam. After his death, the country erupted into civil war, which lasted until 1991. From famine killed about one million people. Hundreds of thousands of people were killed in the “Red Terror”, forced deportation or have been starved to death on the direct orders of Mengistu Mariam.
Luis Carlos Galan
Colombian journalist and liberal politician, famous in the first place the fight against drug cartels, most of which were Medellin cartel headed by Pablo Escobar and Gonzalo Rodriguez (known as El Mexicano).
The assassin Pablo Escobar John Jairo Galan was shot August 18, 1989, when he was going to speak to the ten-thousandth of an audience. At that moment Galan led to the election campaign for the presidency. After his death, the drug trade in Colombia continued to flourish, every month in the United States ship to various estimates, from 70 to 80 tons of cocaine.
In the middle of the last century, Chile was one of the grounds on which the Soviet Union and the United States played its cards. The Chilean leader Salvador Allende, who ruled the country from 1970 until his death in a military coup, was a great friend of the Soviet power. Only in his campaign the KGB has invested $ 420 000. The US also spent $ 400,000 to keep him in power.
During the reign of the Allende was created around 260 000 jobs, increased wages and established social institutions. However, the United States organized a boycott of Chilean copper is the main source of income of the country, and froze the assets of American banks in Chile that led to the economic crisis and the latest coup, in which Allende was killed Salvador. He was shot from an AK-47, but according to another version, committed suicide to avoid torture.
After him to power in the country came General Pinochet, who became a dictator and repressed and destroyed a huge number of Chileans. During his reign, about 2000 people were killed and missing about 29,000.
The assassination of Yitzhak Rabin and the change of leadership in Israel can be considered as one of the major shifts in history. He was gunned down November 4, 1995 at the Kings Square in Tel Aviv after a speech at the mass meeting in support of the peace process between Israel and Palestine.
The killer was the ultra-right religious fanatic Yigal Amir, his actions are motivated by the fact that protecting the people of Israel from the Oslo Accords. The result of the assassination of Rabin was the election of Benjamin Nitanyahu and the phasing out of peace talks, despite the fact that Nitanyahu said that Israel will abide by all the agreements reached Rabin, including Oslo, and even met with Yasser Arafat.
He came to power in Iraq in 1958 in a military coup in which the monarchy was overthrown and a republic established. As the Prime Minister of the Republic of Iraq to cooperate with the Soviet Union. In 1959, the Soviet Union signed a treaty on the supply of Soviet weapons and equipment, as well as the training of Iraqi officers and technicians in the USSR. In addition, Iraq has gone out of a series of military agreements with the United States.
Qassem announced the equality of all Iraqis, regardless of their creed or color, under his rule have been created (or come out of hiding) many progressive public organizations. It was built many schools and hospitals.
Such a close friendship with the Soviets could not please the United States, with their assistance appeared Baath Party, the opposition Qasim regime. February 8, 1963 in Iraq was a military coup. Gen. Qassem together with the faithful officers barricaded themselves in the building of the Ministry of Military Forces, and his supporters, armed with sticks and clubs, tried to repel the tanks and machine guns attacked. However, chances are not equal. After two days of bloody fighting, General Qassem vowed to give up in exchange for life. Nevertheless, a court-martial after prolonged torture and sentenced him to death his generals. Then to power in Iraq, Saddam Hussein came.
Oscar Romero was not a politician in the conventional sense, but his authority was significant. He was archbishop in El Salvador and acted with sharp criticism of US actions in his home country. Shortly after the appointment of Archbishop Romero was killed by his good friend, a priest, known for his progressive views, Rutilio Grande, organizer of community among the poor peasants. He was shot by an unknown in military uniform. Death of a friend made a deep impression on Romero, he urged the government to investigate the matter, and vowed to continue the work Grande.
At this time in El Salvador to power a revolutionary junta, supported by the United States. The address of Romero began receiving daily threats, the press began a campaign against the priests of the Third World, and to scatter leaflets on the streets, “Be a patriot. Kill the priest. ”
Total from 1977 to 1980 in El Salvador killed six priests. March 24, 1980 Romero was shot and killed during a sermon, and at the funeral in front of the cathedral, a bomb exploded, killing dozens of people. Murder Romero was the catalyst for the beginning of the civil war in El Salvador.
Ngo Dinh Diem
The first president of the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam), was assassinated in a military coup on Nov. 1, 1963. Ngo Dinh Diem is considered one of the most important weapon in the struggle against communism in the United States Vtname. For almost ten years, he has collaborated with their intelligence agents of the Pentagon, the CIA and the State Department. The revolt caused the repression with which Diem attacked the Buddhists living in Vietnam. (He himself was a Catholic).
The United States, he realized that Diem loses the support of the population and may lose power, initiated a coup in which he was removed. But the United States miscalculated the consequences of the coup. After the death of Diem in the country intensified patriotic forces (Vietcong), and the US began to actively bomb the territory of Vietnam. The Vietnam War lasted until 1968, after which the North and South Vietnam became a unified state.
The most famous case in history, served as the catalyst for the beginning of World War I – the murder of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand member of a secret organization “Young Bosnia” student Gavrilo Princip. The Archduke’s assassination was the reason for Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, Russia supported Serbia, and that was the beginning of the war.