Great general Hannibal
The representative of a family Barca, he was the leading Carthaginian commander during the Second Punic War. Hannibal often met on the way of an obstacle which built to it not only opponents, but also allies. Nevertheless, wisdom of this commander allowed it with honor to leave each battle again and again.
Great Carthage commander and statesman. He was the sworn enemy of the Roman Republic and the last significant leader of Carthage. Hannibal Barca– the representative of a noble family Barca and the commander of Phoenician troops. He was born in 247 BC and was lost in 183 BC.
Barca is the ancient trade aristocratic family of Carthage which gave stories is a lot of well-known commanders and politicians. The beginning of a family of Barca was founded to one of companions of the legendary queen Dido. She founded of Carthage. About VII centuries BC Carthage became the strongest city in North Africa and it started basing colonies. The islands of Corsica and Sardinia, Sicily, the territory of Spain became its colonies.
Commanders of Carthage began to carry out a number of civil functions in the III century BC. Thus, commanders are also representatives of the civil power.
Special civil influence a family Barca was had in Spain. And their actual position in this country was rather independent. The contract signed by them with Rome, and also stamping of own coins testifies to it. It was promoted by close connection Barca with army where they enjoyed not only authority, but also love of soldiers. Barca acted not only as commanders, but also as politicians, keeping in close connection with “democratic” groups. The people were put by Barca at the head of army. Early the senate appointed commanders.
Bravery Hannibal forced many enemies to flee from the battlefield.
Most of the population of Spain, which was under the authority of Carthage, were the local people. Barca not interfere unnecessarily in the internal affairs of his subjects, and many Spanish cities were not even Carthaginian military garrisons. This is different from the rest of the generals of Carthage.
The most famous member of the genus is Hannibal Barca.
Hannibal was brought up as an implacable enemy of Rome. This is further reflected in its activities. When Hannibal nominated commander, who decided to continue the conquest of Iberia, conquer the Alps and the Pyrenees. These military campaigns would allow conquer Rome – the main purpose of Hannibal.
Hannibal was a wise strategist. Therefore, the first step he took was a diplomatic war with Rome. Warlord provoked the conflict between the tribe torbolet (an ally of Carthage) and the city Sagunto (an ally of Rome). After between Sagunto and torbolet hostilities began, Hannibal openly intervened in the conflict. Talented commander besieged Sagunto and won that battle.
After returning to New Carthage Hannibal began to prepare the army for a campaign in Italy. Before the start of the military campaign commander contacted the Gaels. His ambassadors were informed that people are ready to make an alliance with Carthage. So the next step – the conquest of the Alps. He hoped to rise against the Romans conquered them all tribes and use them to destroy Rome.
Bred hatred for Rome Hannibal carefully planned military campaign against Rome.
Hannibal has taken all measures for the safety of his rear. He strengthened the garrison of Carthage and left substantial military forces under the command of his brother Hasdrubal in Iberia. Therefore, through the Alps Hannibal marched with only half of his troops.
Passing through the land of the Gauls in the Pyrenees, Hannibal’s army reached the river Rodan. In the summer of 218, the commander fought the Roman army of Publius Scipio. After this, Hannibal crossed the Rhone. He sought to preserve their power and avoid frequent clashes with the Roman army.
With the approach of Hannibal to the Alps all the tribes of the Celts rebelled against Rome, and took the side of Hannibal, adding to his troops. In November, the army began crossing the Alps and after a difficult transition came to the plains. This strategy helped to keep Hannibal most of his army.
Gradual success in the territory of the Gauls gave Hannibal new allies. This allowed crushing the Roman armies. Great service to Hannibal’s cavalry had attracted allies. Soon the entire northern Italy was under the control of Hannibal. Gaul became his base and insulting supplying necessary provisions and new soldiers.
In the spring of 217 BC General Hannibal decided to move through Etruria in central Italy to Rome. But as the commander was wise strategist, he initially held exploration. This helped choose the most safe way to Rome, and strike swiftly against the enemy. These troops were guarding the approaches to Rome that Hannibal decided to strengthen. He engaged in the creation of the coalition of the tribes of Northern Italy. Further plan wise strategy was as follows. Thanks to the Allied forces, Hannibal hoped to destroy the Roman Italic Union in Central and Southern Italy. After the official announcement of Hannibal in Carthage on fighting for two years Carthaginian senate decided to help Carthaginians in Italy and Spain.
Hannibal the first who dared to hold an army across the Alps is rugged mountains. This step after trying to repeat many generals, but first among them was Hannibal.
After the Senate headed by Fabio, the commander began to fail. To replenish food allies had to be away from camp or from a parking lot. Hannibal’s army began to diminish, and the Senate promised reinforcements never came.
After wintering in the camp about Hereon in 217-216 years BC Hannibal remained in Puglia. Here he scored one of the biggest of its victories, defeating the Roman army at Cannae (2 August 216 BC). In this battle were destroyed about 70 thousand Romans.
However, the commander did not go to Rome with his army weakened. Carthaginian senate is still not supported Hannibal, fearing strengthen his forces. And Hannibal himself was still hoping for action against Rome’s allies. Hannibal forced to slow Rome helped to restore the fighting capacity of the army. However, Rome was a terrible challenge is not so much the defeat of Cannae, much to the side of Carthage, the Italian communities. Hannibal managed to capture the Semite, comps and the capital of Campania Capua, the second largest city in Italy. The outcome of the Battle of Capua depended on how attitudes evolve in fluctuating community.
Despite all attempts to subdue the city of Campania, Hannibal and Capua joined him and could not succeed.
Size of the army continued to decline. To distract the forces of the Romans, Hannibal made ??an alliance with the king of Macedonia Philip V. Hannibal is also expected to create anti-Roman Union of the Hellenistic states. By union with him joined Syracuse, calculated free from Roman dependency.
Hannibal knew that with the available forces he cannot capture Rome. Being himself a man of honor, Hannibal hoped to help the Senate. Supply his troops continued to deteriorate, the Allies refused to accept to supply his soldiers, and to plunder their Hannibal did not want to. Soon he had to go to the extreme step. He began to ravage the lands of their enemies, although previously avoided such action.
Senate of Carthage. Hannibal long refused to supply and he had to go to extreme measures. He began to plunder the land enemies.
In 212 BC after a long siege, the Romans took possession of Capua. During the siege of Hannibal almost came close to the city to assist the people of the city, but was unable to break through the Roman army.
Hannibal decided on a desperate step. He hoaxes March on Rome. To divert their attention from Capua, but the Romans soon became convinced that there is no real danger. Hannibal went out again to the south of the peninsula.
Immediately after the fall of Capua, Hannibal began to fall away from the acceding Italic city. Hannibal was forced to place them in the garrisons and further weaken his army. Because of this, Hannibal had already suffered several defeats in battles with the Romans in central Italy. Here he hoped to join up with the army of his brother Hasdrubal, who was walking from Italy. However, in 207 BC Hasdrubal army was defeated in battle, and the commander was killed.
With the defeat of the troops of Hasdrubal, Hannibal lost the last hope for reinforcements. With the remnants of his army, he retired at the outermost point of the peninsula – to the city’s gross. He could not even help his brother Muggon, landed with an army in Liguria.
Gradually, the main theater of war moved to Africa, where in the spring of 204 BC landed legions of Scipio. But Hannibal remained in Italy. Carthaginian senate was ready to make peace with Rome, but met resistance from the group of Barca, who insisted on the need for reviews of Hannibal from Italy, hoping that the undefeated commander will be able to change the course of the war.
In the autumn of 203 BC Hannibal with the remainder of his troops landed near the city of Leptis and hurried into the country, where there were the Romans. He was able to establish contacts with some local tribes and cities.
In 202 BC near the village of Naragarra met with Hannibal Scipio. However, this meeting did not produce any results. The next battle was the last battle of the 2nd Punic War. Hannibal’s troops were surrounded and were routed. Hannibal ran.
Even in the toughest times of his Hannibal’s army forced the enemy to tremble.
Now all the forces of Hannibal attached to persuade the inhabitants of Carthage accept humiliating peace terms dictated by Scipio. So as soon as it has helped to save his hometown and its many inhabitants.
General Hannibal himself was elected sufetom (the position of deputy governor), and immediately after his election was to implement a program of internal renewal of the country. This problem was basic, because helped the city to recover. Hannibal with the support of the national assembly is fully updated advice. He also introduced strict financial discipline, which enabled him, without having to raise taxes on the citizens, to use all duties on state needs. Hannibal was not only able to pay an indemnity to Rome, but deposited in the state treasury, hoping to renew the war with Rome.
Policies aimed at the welfare of the people, not like the local aristocracy. Former Romans were dissatisfied and began to write denunciations in Rome.
Came to Carthage ambassadors from Rome demanded the release of Hannibal. This forced the commander to run an ally Antiochus III. Along with him, Hannibal began to develop a plan of a new war.
Mindful of the fact that Hannibal is talented commander, who loves the army and the people of Rome decided to negotiate. By Antiochus III were directed numerous ambassadors asking for negotiations. But seeing that Hannibal does not want to compromise and sacrifice the well-being of his people, Rome decided to compromise Hannibal. At Antioch begins to arise suspicion of infidelity other. Hannibal loses its status as a council of war, and Antiochus decided to start a war with Rome on your own.
This step is expensive cost Antiochus. As a result of the defeat, the king was forced to give up their possessions in Europe and Asia Minor, and lost the right to wage an offensive war with the western states. But one of the main terms of the contract was the issuance of Hannibal.
For the fall of Rome, Hannibal was ready to leave their beloved homeland.
This forced Hannibal to flee to Armenia, then to Crete and Bithynia. Commander was forced into hiding because knew that the dead will not be able to help their homeland. But when the king of Bithynia learned what he is hiding Hannibal, then hurried to extradite him to Rome.
General Hannibal sensed danger and tried to escape. But stumbled on guard, he realized that this was the end. Not wanting to fall into the hands of the Romans, Hannibal took poison, which was followed by instant death. Hannibal was buried in Bithynia.
“When the news came to the Senate, many of the senators act Titus seemed shocking, senseless and cruel, he killed … Hannibal killed unnecessarily, only from vain desire that his name was associated with the death of the Carthaginian leader.”
Great general is Hannibal Barca. Life: 247 or 246-183 BC He was distinguished by wisdom and devoted love of country.