MARCUS LICINIUS CRASSUS
“In this world makes us rich is not what we get but what we give”
Marcus Licinius Crassus of The young aristocrat was diligence and perseverance. He was very successful in any business, even those who were refused by others. He made a great speech that has enabled many to admire his eloquence. He was polite and courteous person.
The first phase of his career
Licinii belonged to one of the most influential families in Ancient Rome. Perhaps they were from the beginning of the Etruscans.
One of the famous Roman generals belonging to this genus was mark Crassus. His father held the highest positions in the state: he was Consul, Governor of Spain, the censor. For the suppression of the next uprising of the Spaniards he was awarded a triumph. But wealth is not amassed. Honesty and dignity would not allow him to use the position of the Governor and the winner for their own enrichment. In addition to Brand Crassus in the family had two older sons.
Childhood and teenage years Marcus Licinius Crassus was spent in a turbulent and difficult time, in a period of acute political struggle between the aristocracy and the people’s party, replaced by a bloody civil war. Like many young people of his circle, Marcus Crassus was preparing himself for a political career.
He started his career usually with performances in the role of a lawyer in court. Marcus Licinius Crassus discovered his ability businessman. Having not more than three hundred talents of initial capital at the time of the Parthian campaign of his condition was measured by the amount 7100 talents.
Marcus Crassus, and all his family belonged to the aristocratic party, which was headed by sulla. Withstood him guy Mari – leader of the national party. When sulla went on a military campaign, Mary managed to seize power in Rome and to arrange the massacre of the nobles and the supporters of sulla. Father Marcus Crassus, who was at that time the censor, was killed during the terror.
The same fate befell older brother. Marcus managed to escape. When they reached the sea, he accompanied a few friends sailed to Spain. Here he took refuge in a cave to Vibe Palani, a friend of the father. Eight months the fugitives remained in the cave, then moved to Africa.
Began to throng to him people, of which he was the detachment of 2500 people. When in 83 BC in Italy returned sulla, Crassus came to his camp and offered his services. The first assignment of the Mark was to go to recruit troops for the army. I must say that the instruction he has performed perfectly – managed to break through the enemy parts and assemble a large army. He actively helped Sulla in the fight.
Mark Crassus lacked military experience, and a chance to buy it presented itself quickly. Armies of sulla moved to Rome. The battle for the capital occurred November 1, 82 BC, a Fierce battle took place near Kolinsky gate. Mark Crassus, commanding the right wing forces of sulla, most contributed to his victory.
While the army of sulla defeated and were driven back with heavy losses, mark Crassus on his flank was a complete victory till the night pursued the enemy. Sulla himself was nearly killed, but was able to take refuge in the fortified camp, where a messenger arrived with news of the victory Brand Crassus and with a request to send lunch for soldiers.
The success of the Brand Crassus decided case – Rome capitulated. Sulla appreciated this feat, and since that time mark Crassus was one of the people close to him. After the capture of Rome, sulla began the massacre of his opponents. Mark KRASS not only returned all that belonged to his family, but was significantly enriched. He soon became the richest man in Rome, the owner of many houses, a huge amount of land, silver mines, thousands of slaves and other property.
The revolt of Spartacus is one of the most popular scenes in cinema now .
Mark Licinus Crassus in 70 B.C. became Consul with Pompey. The first step of the consuls was the abolition of laws adopted when Sulla. Relations between them developed into a rivalry a soon.
After the Consulate of Marcus Crassus remained in Rome, and in 65 B.C. he was elected censor. Soon Crassus, as a conspirator, was accused by Cicero. The senators did not believe Cicero, because Crassus gave the documents implicating the conspirators who were planning to make in the city massacre. Senators, many of whom were debtors of Crassus, was required to take off his suspicions.
After some time, circumstances have changed and Cicero became an ally of Crassus against Pompey. For the same purpose Crassus became friends with Caesar, when in the Senate broke the dispute, if he could go by the Governor in Spain. Caesar managed to reconcile Crassus and Pompey, because he needed both, and together they founded their first triumvirate, which was the first step in the transition from Republic to monarchy rule in Rome. Spheres of influence were divided as follows: Pompeii came to power in Rome and Italy, Caesar began to rule Gaul, and Mark Crassus went to the East.
But while Caesar was in Gaul, between Pompey and Crassus again strife broke out. Caesar again they are reconciled. It was decided that the following year they both will again be elected consuls, and at the expiration of his Consulate Crassus will be running for five years the province of Syria with the law of war and peace.
Wanting to surpass the glory as of Pompey and Caesar, Crassus decided to make a trip to the East through the land of the Parthians and to come to India. In Rome, however, no one believed in a favorable outcome of a campaign against an unfamiliar opponent.
There are many bas-reliefs depicting the battle of the Romans and Partanen.
In a military campaign mark Crassus made in winter 54/55 B.C. At that time he was already 60 years old, looked Crassus much older. Despite the bad weather, he sent part of the army by sea, but the other part moved by land to the East through the Balkans. The city voluntarily obeyed the Romans. For this campaign Crassus was proclaimed his army by the Emperor. With the onset of autumn Crassus, leaving the conquered cities garrisons, returned to Syria. Here he met with his son Publius, who at the head of a thousand horsemen arrived from Gaul, where he fought with Caesar and was awarded many decorations for valor.
In early spring 53 BC Marcus Crassus began to prepare for a new campaign. Under his command were 7 legions, 8 thousand horsemen, and lightly armed warriors.
After Mesopotamia, Crassus in June 53 BC, came to the banks of the Euphrates. Here his soldiers began to receive the first information about the Parthian horsemen, clad in shining armor, from which bounce arrows. Romans was the leader of one of the Arab tribes Abgar, who was considered the friend and ally of the Romans. Now he was an ally of the Parthians and was to Mark Licinus Crassus to try to lure the Romans into a trap.
The Roman army moved forward and soon near In on the river Bilek faced with the Parthian army, commanded by Suren. Parthian horse army showered Roman soldiers with arrows. Crassus continued to move forward, but the Parthian army still had not come into direct collision, adhering to his former tactics.
Then Marcus Licinius Crassus decided to attack the enemy. He built an army so that to cover each cohort infantry shinkiari. In this manner the Romans came to a small river of Bliss, where they were met by the main forces of Surany.
The battle began. Already at the very beginning of the tactics of the Parthians did not give the Romans to attack. In this battle killed the son of Publius Crassus.
With nightfall the fighting stopped, and the Parthians withdrew with the words, “grant Crassus night for the mourning son – except that he would prefer myself to come to Arsak, not waiting for his will power.
Crassus finally fell spirit, but still gathered a military Council for a decision on further action. It was decided under the cover of night to start backing off. Throwing in the wilderness wounded soldiers, the Romans under cover of darkness began to retreat, and soon reached the city Carr. Soon the city approached the Parthians. Suren demanded to give him Crassus, promising the rest of the world. It was clear that we should leave the town, but secretly.
The next night Crassus ordered to continue the retreat. However, the conductor of the local residents led the squad on the wrong road, brought the Romans into the swamp, and while they were out on the road, they were again overtaken and surrounded Parthian horsemen. Romans fiercely fought back, and they even managed to throw back the enemy.
Realizing that Crassus could go with nightfall, the Parthians went to the trick and offered to begin peace talks. Crassus felt trapped, but the army required him to begin negotiations with the leaders of the Parthians.
Crassus had left the Roman camp and went to the Parthians. He was met by the commander, and, giving him the name of the king a splendid horse, offered to go to Euphrates, for the signing of peace. To his servants he gave the order to help Crassus to ride a horse. When the Romans realized that their commander was taken prisoner, and rushed to him. In this brief skirmish mark Crassus was killed.
“No one can say, poor he, or rich, looking into his book of income and expenses. The rich man makes his heart. Wealth is defined not by what man has, but what it is”