The nobility of the Russian Empire. Nobility patent letters
Initially, the idea of ??the liberation of the nobility from compulsory public service, as well as to confirm the privileges of the nobility, started when Peter III took up a Manifesto on the freedom of the nobility in 1762. The revised form of this act came after more than 20 years – in 1785 as a “Charter on the rights, liberties and advantages of a noble Russian nobility”. The letter begins with a long entry about the greatness of Russia, the merits of the nobility and grace to its monarchs, and then proceeds to the presentation of the rights and privileges of the nobility.
The Charter is divided into four parts:
• A. On the personal benefits of the nobility;
• B. On the meeting of nobles, the reform of the noble society in the regions;
• V. Instructions on compiling and continuing genealogical books in the new environment;
• G. On the evidence of noble birth.
Letters patent nobility is the next milestone regulation of class relations with the nobility. Establishes:
• Noble name a consequence, expiring on the quality and virtues commanded in ancient times men distinguish themselves merit than paying the most service in dignity, to their offspring acquired naritsanie noble.
• Do not lose the nobleman or noblewoman dignity.
• But Inasmuch noble rank idn’t a crime; Marriage also has the honor of God and the law established, and for a noble noblewoman who married not a king, but did not lose its status; but her husband and children, she does not tell the nobility.
• Do not suing noble okromya its equal.
Let’s definition of nobility, interpreted causes birth differentiation and nobility. Such rights and privileges were to raise the status of a nobleman, to distinguish its service to the country and the reward for his service. At the same time, it complicated by getting the nobility, and imposes restrictions on the transfer of hereditary nobility in the case of unequal marriage.
But how the nobility and dignity continue to be acquired service and labor empire and the throne of useful and essential state. Russian nobility matter is of Homeland Security and the throne; and in order at any such Russian autocracy right time when the service of the nobility and the common good need required, then any nobleman obliged at the first urge of the autocratic power to spare neither labor nor the service of the state.
This provision defines the essence of nobility – the civil service, which, though no longer to be mandatory, is encouraged. Noble title can be obtained only for seniority, and if necessary, should be the first nobles to answer the call of service.
Next Charter asserts noble Assembly as the main place of regulation of mutual relations of the nobility:
Our loyal nobles favor WE permission to gather in that province where residence permits are, and to make aristocratic society in every place and enjoy the rights, benefits, and benefits are excellent.
In fact, the nobility of the meeting – this club means of nobles in the exercise of their rights, maintenance of pedigrees, regulatory disputes and legal proceedings.
Evidence of nobility – one of the main provisions of Charter to:
Letters patent nobility
Noble are understood all those koi or noble ancestors were born, or monarchs sim dignity granted; The proof of the nobility are numerous, and are more dependent on the test antiquity research and evidence, rather than from new regulations. The exact justice does not allow any evidence which is kind of inactivated, as here, where the word of the law denies such proof. In such a delicate and difficult situation of this case there is an ordinary elect rightly way to lend a helping hand to our subjects to the Russian nobility noble statement following proofs of nobility.
The value that has Charter to the Nobility, on the formation and regulation of the nobility is enormous. It shows that the nobility forced his business to prove loyalty to the Fatherland and the emperor, to keep the honor of the ancestors, the first to respond to the call to defend the state. Patent letters prescribes a relationship, the rights and opportunities of a nobleman, duties and responsibilities. Many provisions of the document is saved in the XIX century, but have been modified or abolished after the democratic reforms of Alexander II.