The nobility of the Russian Empire. Table of Ranks
After the proclamation of the Russian empire and himself – Emperor Peter I begann to actively carry out reforms in various spheres of social life and activity. To regulate the public service officials and their birth status in 1722 the Emperor took the Table of Ranks – law on the civil service in the Russian Empire and the Russian republic ratio ranks in seniority sequence. With introduction of the Table of Ranks ancient Russian officials – the boyars, courtiers, and so on were not formally abolished, but these award ranks ceased. Publication of report cards has had a significant impact on the service schedule and the historical fate of the nobility. The only control was the personal service seniority. The origin of the “paternal honor”, lost in this respect have any meaning.
Military service was separated from civil and court. It would legitimize the acquisition of the nobility rank and seniority famous award of the monarch, which influenced the democratization of the noble class, to consolidate the serving character of the nobility and gentry bundle weight to the new group – the hereditary nobility and personal.
Table of Ranks
Under Peter I rank lower class XIV military service (Fendrick, since 1730 Ensign) gave the right of hereditary nobility. The civil service in the rank of Class VIII gave up only personal nobility, and the right of hereditary nobility began with the rank of Class VIII.
Having given the common name of the service class nobility, Peter awarded honorary knighthood value noble dignity bestowed nobility emblems and titles, but at the same time destroyed the old isolation of the service class, really “nobility” of its members, opened the way of service, through a roster,the law of primogeniture opened out of the nobility and the clergy in the merchants who wanted it.
In the future, the issues of nobility, reflected in the Table of Ranks underwent changes, but the basic situation lasted until 1917. Manifesto 1845 class, which gave the hereditary nobility in the civil service has been promoted to V, personal nobility officer received only from class IX, employees in the lower ranks were entitled to the personal status of honorary citizens. The hereditary nobility of military service began to give VIII class and lower, so-called chief officer ranks – only personal nobility.
Graduate Empire nobility at the ball
Alexander II’s Decree on December 9, 1856 bar was raised: personal nobility began in the civil service from IX class in the military – is still the first officer’s rank and gave the right of hereditary rank of colonel (VI class) in military service or rank of State Councilor (IV class) of the Civil. Ranks with XIV on X class is now simply called as “honorable citizens”.
Table of Ranks was the basic document of the Russian Empire, regulating the procedure for obtaining the nobility. Based on the philosophical doctrine of the state of law, the report card, reinforcing the possibility of class privileges for the service. Before you get the status of a nobleman and a military rank, or civilian court, a person was required to serve the country and the emperor. Also report cards all have the opportunity to get it, proving honor and devotion, faithfully serving the Fatherland.