The nobility of the Russian Empire. XIX – early XX century
It is known that in the “Charter to the Nobility”, were given the necessary conditions, prove aristocratic origins. They also published the following documents and regulations of Paul I, formed the Noble Assembly. Alexander I repeated a lot all the privileges that are endowed with the nobility of Catherine II.
Emperor Nicholas I
With the publication of “Laws of the Russian Empire” in 1833, the existing legal provisions at this time of social class were repeated in it. Documentation belonging to the nobility is reflected in the ЭCharter of the service by definition from the government”and “Code of Laws of the state”. It should be noted that even a cursory glance at the section of individual acts of state shows that the most deployed state of the noble acts were presented. In particular, in addition to the documents referred to in “charters” in 1785, as proof of the nobility were called noble genealogical books and lists that were heralds drafted in general Heraldry Armorial noble families, introduction of which is considered “the surest proof of noble status” and “other just and conclusive evidence on the nobility”.
By the code of laws of the states were annexed “form”:
1) the aristocratic pedigree of the book;
2) proof of lineage and nobility of sorts;
3) certificates issued by the noble deputy meetings. These “forms” documents proved belonging to the nobility, repeated almost unchanged in the three published in the first half of the nineteenth century. “A set of laws of the states”, which indicates the stability of forms caste nobility documents.
It should be noted that the form of the certificate of nobility has not changed until 1917. By the certificate of nobility adjoins certificate of nobility, which gave adult members of noble families in the identity of their noble dignity. Form identification largely repeated form of the certificate of nobility. It’s out on the form of the noble deputies meeting. In April 1860 it established a new procedure for the issue of provincial deputy meetings letters on the nobility and introduced a new form of it. Henceforth in the text indicate Instruments required for the approval of the decree determining the former Assembly deputy herald or her former temporary presence. Most text Diplomas been upgraded, so it was aligned with the requirements of the vocabulary of the second half of the nineteenth century: outdated “nickname” in the 1860 version has been replaced by “name” revolution “recognized consonant with prescribed rules on the” short and concise trafficking “considered sufficient”, etc.
In connection with the abolition of serfdom in 1861 Count of the peasants in the pedigree of the book has been slightly modified: the term “for him in the last audit was the peasants” was replaced by “in their placement registered males”.
Thus, in the laws of the mid-nineteenth century we are dealing with updates, upgrades the content of noble estates of documents in connection with the changed (due to socio-economic conditions) vocabulary and style of presentation of business information.
Legislative acts of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century were related to the documentation belonging to the nobility, were due to social processes characteristic of this period, and were aimed at protecting the interests of the nobility in an increasingly developing capitalism.
Emperor Nicholas II
In 1897, at the initiative of Emperor Nicholas II was established by a special meeting for the nobility. The fruit of his activities became the name of the decree of 28 May 1900 on the terms of the acquisition of rights of hereditary nobility and the procedure for making noble families in noble bloodlines knigi28 significantly refined and changed the legislation in force before this in the direction of isolation and strengthen especially the landowning nobility.
The nobility of the Russian Empire played a significant role in the political, economic and spiritual life. It was the elite of society and the support of the monarchy in the country. The nobles held high government and military posts, engaged in science and the arts. The nobility in Russia – this is not eugenic superiority of one over the other. This superiority of mind, unlike the human moral, moral qualities, which were embodied in the service of the Fatherland. Nobility – a centuries-old tradition of devotion and loyalty to Russia.