2 July. Day in history. News

2 July 1504 year died, Stephen cel Mare ruler of one of the most prominent rulers of the Principality of Moldavia. He ruled the country for 47 years. Throughout this period, fought for the independence of Principality the Moldavian, which pursued a policy of strengthening the central government, suppressed boyars the opposition. Successfully resisted stronger opponents – the Ottoman Empire, Poland and Hungary. Thanks to the talents of Stephen the Great as a military leader, diplomat and politician, Moldavia could not only maintain its independence, but also became a significant political force in Eastern Europe.

2 July. Day in history. News   United States Declaration of Independence

2 July 1776 year the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia decided to office America from the UK. But Independence Day is celebrated in the US on 4 July when it adopted the Declaration of Independence, publicly read out by 8 July.

2 July 1800 year passed the Act of Union of Great Britain and Ireland, which recognized the union of the Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland; with the result that was formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. To do this 100 the Irish deputies received seats in the House of Commons of the British Parliament.

2 July. Day in history. News   Detail Panorama Franz Roubaud Defense of Sevastopol

2 July 1853 year, the Russian army invaded Principality of Moldavia – begins Crimean War. The reason for the war was a conflict of Nicholas I and Napoleon III, who came to power in France after the coup on 2 December 1851 year. Nicholas I saw the new French Emperor illegitimate because Bonaparte dynasty was excluded from the French succession Congress of Vienna. To illustrate his position, Nicholas I in his telegram addressed to Napoleon III «Monsieur mon ami» («dear friend”) instead of the permissible protocol «Monsieur mon frere» («my dear brother”). Such freedom was regarded as an affront to the new French Emperor.