The best Mayor of Madrid – King Carlos III
The best mayor of the capital of Spain “of all time” is considered the Spanish King Carlos III. Local historians enthusiastically talk about how the monarch, “went on duty on the throne” in the middle of the XVIII century, the city received from its predecessor “in a state where the sanitary norms, for example, did not exist, and dirt, debris and animal excrements is an integral and dominant part of the urban landscape. “Fernan Nunez, the biographer of the King did not hesitate to qualify in their records Madrid at the time, as a “pigsty, served as the capital.”
Monarch announced that Madrid “need to be reformed and rebuilt,” and he decided to take the lead in changing the face of the city. During the reign of Carlos III, in accordance with an ambitious plan developed by his order, in Madrid there were wide avenues, squares and parks with monuments. From that time are counting his stories Plaza Cibeles and Neptuno, the Botanical Garden, Prado Museum building (originally destined to replace the Military Historical Museum), San Carlos Hospital (now here is the Museum of Contemporary Art Reina Sofia), Buen Retiro Palace.
That’s when Carlos III was established by the municipal service of cleaning and garbage collection, street lighting network appeared and was created storm sewer, and roads in the city of the bridge. With him in Madrid (and Spain in general) has opened a lot of educational institutions of primary level (“elementary schools”), there were economic society and opened the Madrid Astronomical Observatory. When it was in Spain for the first time held a lottery, and the ladies of the upper classes began to use perfume.
Carlos III Madrid managed to raise the level of other elite European capitals (Paris, London, Berlin, Rome), but the Spanish aristocracy for it called him “King-foreigner”, believing that it is not necessary to adopt anything from “zagranichnikov” let it even very progressive, serving the public good.
In the nickname given to the monarch nobility, partly to blame for the origin of the king. Carlos III was the son of the first of the Spanish Bourbons, Felipe V, who before the coronation was only Philip, Duke of Anjou – just a distant relative who ruled before him in Spain, Charles II (crossed his great-uncle), but very close relative of the French monarch Louis XIV (a grandfather Philip). Despite the fact that he was born in Madrid, “the royal labor activity” Carlos III began on the territory of modern Italy as King of Naples and Sicily Carlo VII. He rules there for 25 years and the first sample of the various reforms and reorganizations made on lands that were subject to him then. Italian historians suggest that the idea was under the influence of the ideas of the Enlightenment, nepolitansky King “won well-deserved fame, popularity and respect of the population for the reforms.”
He did not change his liberal views, he moved to Spain and changed his name to Charles VII Carlos III.
In addition to the above changes, Carlos also made the abolition of some of the most burdensome taxes, introduced freedom of the grain trade and began the restoration of the Spanish fleet. Madrid served him a testing ground for reform and thereby improve and freshened the first Spanish cities. Ideas King foreigner eventually led to his expulsion from the country. According to historians, “he allowed too many people, and to know that he could not and would not forgivethem”.
Leaving Spain, Carlos, as recorded his biographer, said: “My vassals – as children. They cry when they are washed. I cleaned Madrid, I put him to death, I created it streets and avenues … For that I deserved a monument to his full height, but with me did so disgusting. “
The best mayor of Madrid is considered the king Carlos III