George IV State Diadem
Part of the The Personal Jewel Collection of Elizabeth II, the George IV State Diadem or Diamond Diadem was made in 1820 by the firm Rundell, Bridge and Rundell for the coronation of King George IV. It was designed to encircle the King’s velvet Cap of Estate that he wore in the procession to Westminster Abbey.
The George IV State Diadem, here worn by Queen Alexandra (centre). This image shows Queen Alexandra, consort of Edward VII, with her daughters Louise and Victoria.
The diadem includes 1333 diamonds weighing 325.75 carats and 169 pearls along its base. Its design features roses,thistles and shamrocks, the symbols of England, Scotland and Ireland respectively. It is on display at the Queen’s Gallery,Buckingham Palace.
The diadem was worn at the Coronation of Queen Victoria during the procession returning from Westminster Abbey, and later byQueen Elizabeth II. It is also worn by Queen Elizabeth II in the procession to the State Opening of Parliament. It has featured in many portraits of the Queen, including one painted by Lucian Freud in 2001, and one by Raphael Maklouf that appears on Commonwealth coinage and on British Machin series stamps. It has also featured on the banknotes of the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia,Bermuda, Hong Kong, British Honduras, the British Caribbean Territories currency board (consisting of Trinidad and Tobago,Barbados, Anguilla, Saba, St Kitts and Nevis, Antigua, St Lucia, Dominica, St Vincent and the Grenadines, British Guyana and theBritish Virgin Islands), Mauritius, Southern Rhodesia, Cyprus, Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Fiji, Belize, the Bahamas, Malta, Malaya andNorth Borneo, and Jamaica.