July 19. Day in the history
On July 19, 711 between vestgota and army Omeyadov the fight at Gvadaleta which terminated in a clear victory of Arabs took place. Falling of the state of vestgot, a gain by Arabs of the Iberian Peninsula and the next then nearly 800 years of Rekonkista turned out to be consequence of fight.
On July 19, 1270 in the Tatar Horde executed the Ryazan prince Roman Olegovich who is canonized subsequently by Russian Orthodox Church for refusal to renounce orthodox belief. Hang Mengu-Timur called Roman Olegovich in 1270 in the Horde and ordered to it that he chose one or the other: either martyr death, or Tatar belief. The prince answered that he, obedient to God’s will, obeys the hansky power, but nobody will force it to change the belief. Tatars began to beat the prince, and then in fetters threw into a dungeon. For the morning, on July 19, it was brought to execution. Roman Olegovich began to speak to the gathered people among which there were many Russians, about sanctity of Christ’s belief — to it cut off language. Then cut out eyes, chopped off fingers on hands and feet, cut off ears and lips, a nose, cut hands and feet.
On July 19, 1485 the Italian master Anton Fryazin put on the Moskva River the oldest of towers of the Moscow Kremlin — Taynitskaya – a tower with which construction of modern walls and towers began. The tower played an important role in defense of the Kremlin from the river. It had travel gate and the by-pass strelnitsa supplied with the lifting mechanism and connected to a tower the stone bridge. Later on a tower the sentries watching Zamoskvorechye and signals of a bell letting know about the fire were on duty. Till 1674 on a tower there was striking clock.
On July 19, 1870 began Franco – Prussian war – the military conflict between Napoleon III’s empire and the German states led by the achieving European hegemony by Prussia. The war provoked by the Prussian chancellor O. Bismarck and formally begun by Napoleon III ended with defeat and crash of France therefore Prussia managed to transform the North German union to the uniform German empire.