July 24. Day in the history
On July 24 — day of Simon Bolivar in Ecuador., on July 24, 1783 in Caracas Simon Bolivar – the most influential and known of heads of war for independence of the Spanish colonies in America was born. National hero of Venezuela. General. He exempted from the Spanish domination Venezuela, New Granada (совр. Colombia and Panama), the province of Quito (modern Ecuador), in 1819 — 1830 president of Great Colombia created in the territory of these countries. In 1824 He freed Peru and became at the head of the Republic Bolivia (1825) formed in the territory of the Top Peru called in his honor. The national congress of Venezuela in 1813 it is proclaimed by the Liberator.
On July 24 971 near Dorostol the Kiev prince Svyatoslav and the Byzantine emperor Ioann Tsimiskhy made a peace with honor on the terms of military assistance, observance of former contracts and accession of the Bulgarian lands to Byzantium. Ioann Tsimiskhy unconditionally accepted conditions of rus. Svyatoslav with army had to leave Bulgaria, Byzantines provided his soldiers (22 thousand people) with a bread stock for two months. Svyatoslav also entered into a military alliance with Byzantium, trade relations were restored. On these conditions Svyatoslav left Bulgaria which is strongly weakened by wars in its territory.
On July 24, 1619 the Metropolitan Filaret – church and the politician of the Time of Troubles and the subsequent era is built in Patriarches of All Russia; fourth Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia, father of the tsar Mikhail Fyodorovich. The first of Romanov’ family carrying this surname.
On July 24, 1790 Catherine II enjoined to prosecute A. Radishchev, the author of the novel “Travel from St. Petersburg to Moscow”. Catherine II’s decree Radishchev was found
Edition of 1790
“guilty of a crime of the oath and the citizen’s position by the edition of the book … the filled most harmful philosophizings destroying rest public, belittling due respect to the authorities, aspiring to making in the people indignation against chiefs and the administration and at last offensive and violent izrazheniye against a dignity and the power imperial”. Radishchev was sentenced to death, but “on mercy and for general pleasure” execution was replaced with the ten-year link in the Ylym jail. Almost all circulation of the novel was destroyed. The novel was under a ban, removed only in 1905. However the novel dispersed in lists and became widely known.