June 15. Day in History
15 June 313 the Byzantine Emperor Constantine proclaimed religious freedom to Christians and ordered to return the confiscated their property.
June 15, 1215 English King John Landless signed the Magna Carta. This politico-legal document drawn up on the basis of the requirements of the English nobility to the king and defended a number of legal rights and privileges of the free population of medieval England. It consists of 63 articles that regulate the taxes and feudal obligations, the judicial system and legal proceedings, the rights of the Church of England, towns and merchants, the law of succession and guardianship. A number of articles of the Charter contains the rules whose purpose was to limit the royal power by introducing a political system of special state bodies – the general council of the kingdom, and the committee of twenty-five barons, has the authority to take action forced the king to restore the violated rights; because of this the articles are called constitutional.
June 15, 1502 Christopher Columbus discovered the island of Martinique.
June 15, 1907 began its work II peace conference in The Hague, convened on the initiative of Russia. This conference was attended by representatives of 44 states. The chairman was “the first authorized” the Russian delegation, the Russian ambassador in Paris, A.I. Nelidov. The conference adopted 13 Conventions:
For the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes;
On Restriction of use of force for the Recovery of Contract Debts;
On the opening of hostilities;
Laws and Customs of War on Land;
On the Rights and Duties of Neutral Powers and Persons in Case of War on Land;
On the situation of enemy merchant ships at the outbreak of hostilities;
About obrascheniitorgovyh military courts in court;
On the formulation of underwater automatically contact mines;
About Naval Bombardment in Time of War;
On the application to naval warfare principles of the Geneva Convention (later replaced by the Geneva Convention of 1949);
Some limitations in the use of the right of capture in naval war;
On the establishment of the International Chamber of prize (not yet in force);
On the Rights and Duties of Neutral Powers in the case of naval warfare.
And the adoption of the declaration: on the Prohibition of throwing projectiles and explosives from balloons.