June 17. Day in History
June 17, 1682 in Stockholm, the Swedish monarch was born the famous and “a military teacher of Peter the Great” Karl XII. He reigned in the years 1697-1718, was the commander who spent most of his reign in the long war in Europe. Charles XII came to the throne after his father Charles XI at the age of 15 years and 3 years later, left the country for a long time, and came to a sprawled for 18 years numerous military campaigns to finally make Sweden a dominant force in Northern Europe. Rise of Sweden in the Baltic has caused dissatisfaction among the two large neighbors, the Polish King Augustus II and Russian Tsar Peter I. November 30 Karl strongly attacked the Russian army left to Peter I on the command of Field Marshal de Croix at Narva, despite the fact that the Russian army almost three times superior to the Swedish army (9-12 thousand at 37 guns against the Swedes 32-35 thousand Russian at 184 guns).
“Battle of Koniggratz” by Georg Bleibtreu. 1869.
June 17, 1866 began Austro-Prussian War. The war lasted for seven weeks (June 17 – July 26, 1866). Austria was forced to fight on two fronts. Its technological backwardness and political isolation since 1856 have led it to defeat. In the Peace of Prague agreement concluded on August 23, Austria passed Holstein and Prussia left the German Confederation. Italy went to the Venice area. The political result of the war in 1866 became the final rejection of the Austrian association of German states under his command and the transition hegemony in Germany to Prussia, to head the North German Confederation – a new confederal state formation.
June 17, 1885 on board the French steamship “Isere” to New York Statue of Liberty arrived – a gift of the French people to the United States centennial of the American Revolution. The statue was created by the French sculptor Auguste Bartholdi Frederic assisted by engineer Gustave Eiffel, who later designed the tower, which received his name.
June 17, 1899 ferry-Icebreaker “Baikal” was launched on the water. It was damaged by artillery fire in 1918, later to cut the metal.