June 19. Day in History
June 19, 1205 – Battle of Zawichost between the troops of the Galician-Volyn prince Roman Mstislavich Great and troops Krakow Prince Leszek the White and Conrad Mazowiecki. Prior to the beginning of the battle was killed by Roman the Great, pending negotiations with the Polish prince. After winning Leszek White has acquired a positive reputation in Poland, gained popularity in Krakow, which returned him to the location of the city and the power in it for a while. Conrad reached majority, demanded a destiny, and participation in government, and the country began to be controlled by the two brothers. In connection with those hours, his rights to the throne and Galician Galician-Volyn land presented Ol’govichi of Chernigov, Smolensk Rostislavichi, Hungarians, Poles and Lithuanians (it was one of the first appearances of Lithuanians in the international arena), the principality was plunged into a long feud.
June 19, 1566 was born James I – King of Scotland and the first King of England from the Stuarts (1603). He was the first monarch who ruled at the same time the two kingdoms of the British Isles. UK as a single power while still not legally exist, England and Scotland were a sovereign state, the monarch had in common.
June 19, 1607 died the first Patriarch of Moscow Job. At the initiative of St. Job transformation were carried out in the Russian Church, which resulted in Mockovsky Patriarchate entered archdiocese 4: Novgorod, Kazan, Rostov and Krutitskaya; established a new diocese, founded more than a dozen monasteries. Patriarch Job first put the matter of printing on a broad basis. With the blessing of St. Job was first published: Triodion Lenten, Triodion Colour, Octoechos, Menaion Overall, Chinovnik of episcopal ministry and Missal. During the Time of Troubles Saint Job actually the first confrontation between the Russians led the Polish-Lithuanian invader.
Handshake monarchs of Prussia, Russia and Sweden
June 19, 1762 was concluded Petersburg peace treaty between the Russian Empire and Prussia. According to the agreement Russia emerged from the Seven Years War, Prussia and voluntarily returned the territory occupied by Russian troops, including East Prussia. Russia’s withdrawal from the war in Prussia was seen as the “Miracle of the House of Brandenburg.” This outcome was unexpected and generous gift to Frederick, no doubt, like his English allies that Russia will leave itself in compensation for losses incurred in a war won by it in the course of East Prussia.
June 19, 1809 Porvoo Diet approved the formation of the Finnish state and its entry into the Russian autonomous republic.
June 19, 1899 ended with the currency reform S.Y. Witte has set the gold monometallism or the free exchange of banknotes for gold (the gold standard). The reform also meant a devaluation of the ruble at the rate of 2/3, which took place without the expected shocks.