Russian art: Alexander Shakhovskoy
169 years ago, died Shakhovskoy Alexander Alexandrovich (1777-1846) – Russian playwright and theatrical figure of a kind Shakhovskys that almost a quarter century (1802-26 gg.) Led the theaters of St. Petersburg.
Shakhovskoy Alexander was born on May 5 (April 24) in 1777, the manor carefree Smolensk province.
Shakhovskoy was very educated man of his time. He studied at the Boarding school at Moscow University, graduating in 1792. From 1802 to 1826 directed the theaters of St. Petersburg. His main task was considered in using the “wise government” in the fight against “reckless innovations”.
From 1810 he was a member of the Russian Academy. In 1812, at the time of the general patriotic upsurge, a big success had the comedy Shakhovsky “Cossack-poet”, which lasted for a long time on the stage. Shakhovskoy took part in the events of that time as militia, commanded Tula warriors. Guerrilla war gave him a material for vaudeville patriotic opera “The peasants or meeting uninvited” (1814).
Member of the Commission of the Imperial Theatres repertoire, director, teacher and critic. Member of the literary society “Lovers of the Russian Word” since 1811.
Directed drama troupe and Theater School in St. Petersburg (1802-26, with interruptions); Among his pupils – Semenov, Karatygin and others.
Shakhovskoy wrote more than 100 pieces, including many musical comedies, as well as a free translation and stage adaptations of works of European authors. Prosaic piece Shakhovsky “New Stern” (staged. 1805, publ. 1807), directed against the sentimentalism, played a significant role in the renewal of Russian literature of the XIX century. The story of his later works – episodes of Russian history “Lomonosov, or Recruit-poet”, publ. 1816; “Ivan Susanin”, 1815; “The peasants, or meeting uninvited”, publ. 1815 is dedicated to the Patriotic War of 1812), the life of the nobility (the trilogy “Polubarskie venture, or home theater”).
Plays Shakhovsky different entertaining intrigue and focus on vernacular. Its label aphoristic verse (using raznostopnogo iambic) verse foretold “Woe from Wit” by Russian writer Alexander Sergeyevich Griboyedov.
In 1818, the first time he retired in connection with the conflict with the director of the Imperial Theatres. In 1821, when the new director, returned to service, and finally left her in 1826. After retirement, he began to write his memoirs. He was also an outstanding theater teacher.
Alexander Shakhovskoy died Feb. 3 [22 January] 1846, in Moscow.