Russian literature: Fyodor Dostoevsky
Fyodor Dostoevsky (October 30 [11 November] 1821, Moscow – 28 January [9 February] St. Petersburg) – the great Russian writer, thinker, philosopher and essayist.
Fyodor Dostoevsky was born on October 30 (November 11) in 1821 in Moscow and was the second son of a family of eight children. Younger sister Love died in 1829 shortly after the birth, when the future writer was 7 years old.
Despite the poverty of his father, Dostoevsky received an excellent education and training, for which his whole life was grateful parents. Read his mother taught by the book “One hundred and four sacred history of the Old and New Testament.”
January 26 (February 7) 1881 Dostoevsky’s sister Vera came to the house of Dostoevsky, to ask his brother to give up his share of the Ryazan estates inherited him by inheritance from her aunt in favor of the sisters. According to the story Lyubov Dostoyevskaya was stormy scene with explanations and tears, after which Dostoevsky became ill. Perhaps this unpleasant conversation was the impetus for the aggravation of his disease (emphysema) – Two days later the writer has died.
After news of the death of Dostoevsky’s apartment was filled with crowds of people who came to say goodbye to a great writer. Farewell was among many young people.
Artist Kramskoy wrote in pencil and ink posthumous portrait of the writer. He was able to convey a sense of depicting memory Dostoevsky.
“The face of the deceased was quiet, and it seemed that he was not dead, but sleeping and smiling in his sleep some learn it now great truth “.
The number of deputies exceed the stated number. The procession to the burial site stretched for miles. The coffin was carried in her arms. At the grave of Dostoevsky made of palm trees, the first biographer of the writer Miller Gaideburov, Bestuzhev-Rumin, Soloviev and others.
Dostoevsky was buried in Tikhvin Cemetery of the Alexander Nevsky Monastery in St. Petersburg.
Despite the notoriety he gained Dostoevsky at the end of his life, a truly enduring, world fame came to him after death. In particular, Friedrich Nietzsche admitted that Dostoevsky was the only psychologist from whom he could learn something.