January 5 day in history
Elizabeth was very pleasant, witty, cheerful, elegant, and surrounded the Empress involuntarily had to follow her example in order to remain in favor. This in itself contributed to the development of higher Russian society, embark on the course of European refinement. Of course, to the Paris of the standard was so far away, however, compared with the court of Empress Anna Ioannovna, the progress has been remarkable and impressive.
Empress Elizaveta Petrovna repeatedly declared that continues the policy of Peter the Great. Basically it was so. Was restored the role of the Senate, Berg and Manufactures of the Board, Chief magistrate. The Cabinet of Ministers was abolished. The Senate received the right of legislative initiative. During the Seven years ‘ war arose constantly force meeting, standing over the Senate Conference at the Supreme court. The conference was attended by the heads of military and diplomatic agencies, and persons specifically invited by the Empress. Invisible was the activity of the Secret Chancellery.
In 1744-1747 years held the 2nd census of the tax-paying population. In the late 1740’s-the first half of the 1750s, on the initiative of Peter Shuvalov was carried out a number of serious reform. In 1754, the Senate adopted Shuvalov resolution on the elimination of internal customs duties and petty charges. This has led to a significant recovery of trade relations between regions. Were founded the first Russian banks-Noble (Borrowed), Merchant and Copper (State).
In 1744 he published a decree banning fast ride around the city, and with those who swore in public, began to take penalties.
Implemented tax reform, which enabled to improve the financial position of the country: increased fees at the conclusion of foreign trade transactions to 13 cents from 1 ruble (instead of the previously charged 5 cents). Was raised the tax on salt and wine.
With the reign of Elizabeth Petrovna was the arrival in Russia of the Enlightenment and reorganization of military schools. In 1744, a decree was issued to expand the network of primary schools. Opened the first school in Moscow (1755) and Kazan (1758). In 1755, on the initiative of the favorite I. I. Shuvalov founded Moscow University, and in 1757 the Academy of arts. Support was M. C. Lomonosov and other representatives of Russian science and culture. Surveys D. I. Vinogradova has made possible the discovery in 1744 Porcelain factory near St. Petersburg.