House of Romanovs: Peter I
February 8, 1725, died Peter I the Great – the last King of all Russia and the first Russian Emperor (from 1721) of the Romanov dynasty (since 1682).
Peter was proclaimed king in 1682 at the age of 10, began to rule yourself with 1689. From a young age showed interest in the sciences and foreign way of life.
Peter was the first Russian King who made a long journey to Western Europe (1697-1698 years). On his return from them, in 1698, Peter launched a massive reform of the Russian state and social order. One of the main achievements of Peter was the solution of the problem in the XVI century: expanding areas of Russia in the Baltic region after the victory in the Great Northern War, which allowed him to take the title in 1721, the first emperor of the Russian Empire.
On that day, February 8, 1725, at four o’clock in the morning, seriously ill, Peter I demanded paper, began to write, but the pen fell from his hands. Could only make out a few words:
“Give everything …”
Who bequeathed all the first Russian emperor – remained a mystery. Historians still express their assumptions.
The first Russian emperor died at 52 years old, without leaving a will … Perhaps one of the most striking characteristics of the acts and apt gave Peter Michael Pogodin:
“We wake up, it’s time to dress up – our dress sewn on a style foreign, this Peter. Cloth woven at the factory, which he started, with tonsured hair sheep, whom he divorced … All things will remind you of it. Some people put Peter in use others brought to his ship, its harbor, on his way. at dinner all meals – from salted herring to wine, they divorced – will tell you about Peter. go to visit – it’s the old Peter Assembly. See you there ladies – it is thanks to him that they were made in the company of men. book gets in your eyes – he came up with this font and even the carved letters. Will the newspaper – and they began to Peter the Great … “
Peter I was one of the most prominent statesmen, determine the direction of development of Russia in the XVIII century.