Monarchy in the modern world: in which countries of Europe, Asia and Africa is a monarchy
There are a little more than 230 states and self-governing territories with international status in today’s world. Only 41 state of these have a monarchical form of government, except for a few dozen territories under the authority of the British Crown. It would seem that in the modern world a clear advantage is on the side of the republican states. But a closer look reveals that the most part of these countries are belong to the third world, and have formed in result of the collapse of the colonial system. These states, what created often by the colonial administrative boundaries are very unstable formations. They can divide and differentiate, as can be seen, for example, in Iraq. They are covered by the continuing conflict, a significant number of African countries. And obviously, that it aren`t included in the category of advanced countries.
Today, the monarchy – it is extremely flexible and many faces system in the range from tribal form operating successfully in the Arab States of the Middle East, to the monarchical variant of a democratic state in many European countries.
Here is the list of states with the monarchy, and territories under their crown:
- Andorra – co-princes Francois Hollande and Joan Enric Vives Sicilia (since 2003)
- Belgium – King Albert II (since 1993)
- Vatican City – Pope Francis (since 2013)
- United Kingdom – Queen Elizabeth II (since 1952)
- Denmark – Queen Margrethe II (since 1972)
- Spain – King Philip VI (since 2014)
- Liechtenstein – Prince Hans-Adam II (since 1989)
- Luxembourg – Grand Duke Henri (since 2000)
- Monaco – Prince Albert II (since 2005)
- Netherlands – Queen Beatrix (since 1980)
- Norway – King Harald V (since 1991)
- Sweden – King Carl XVI Gustaf (since 1973)
- Bahrain – King Hamad bin Isa al-Khalifa (since 2002, the emir in 1999-2002)
- Brunei – Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah (since 1967)
- Bhutan – King Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck (since 2006)
- Jordan – King Abdullah II (since 1999)
- Cambodia – King Norodom Sihamoni (since 2004)
- Qatar – Emir Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani (since 1995)
- Kuwait – Emir Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah (since 2006)
- Malaysia – King Mizan Zainal Abidin (since 2006)
- United Arab Emirates – President Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan (since 2004)
- Oman – Sultan Qaboos bin Said (since 1970)
- Saudi Arabia – King Salman bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saud (since 2015)
- Thailand – King Bhumibol Adulyadej (since 1946)
- Japan – Emperor Akihito (since 1989)
- Lesotho – King Letsie III (since 1996, the first time in 1990-1995)
- Morocco – King Mohammed VI (since 1999)
- Swaziland – King Mswati III (since 1986)
Asia holds the first place in the number of countries with a monarchical statehood. It is a progressive and democratic Japan. Leaders of the Muslim world – Saudi Arabia, Brunei, Kuwait, Qatar, Jordan, Bahrain, Oman. Two monarchical confederation – Malaysia and the United Arab Emirates. And more – Thailand, Cambodia, Bhutan.
Second place belongs to Europe. Monarchy is represented not only by a limited form – in countries with a leading position in the EEC (United Kingdom, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, and others.). But the absolute form of government – in the States dwarfs: Monaco, Liechtenstein, Vatican.
Third place – for the countries of Polynesia, and the fourth for Africa, which is currently kept only three full monarchy of Morocco, Lesotho, Swaziland, and hundreds of “tourist.”
Nevertheless, some republican countries forced to accept with the presence on its territory of traditional local monarchies or tribal entities, and even secured their rights in the constitution. These need to include: Uganda, Nigeria, Indonesia, Chad and others. Even countries such as India and Pakistan, to abolish the sovereign rights of local monarchs (khans, sultans, rajas, Maharajah) in the early 70-ies of XX-th century, are often forced to accept the existence of these rights, is called de facto. Government appeals to the authority of the owners of monarchical rights in resolving regional religious, ethnic, cultural disputes and other conflicts.