“Humanism is humanness, but a developed consciousness and education”
Contrary to the liberal myth about ignorance of emperor, he has got a wonderful humanitarian and military education from outstanding teachers were J. K. Grote (literature), General M. I. Dragomirov (martial art), K. P. Pobedonostsev (right), S. M. Soloviev (history).
In 1866 married the daughter of the Danish king Princess Dagmar (in Orthodoxy Maria Feodorovna). Was an exemplary family man, deeply honored the father and mother, he had six children, one son died in infancy, two killed by the Bolsheviks. Was deeply Orthodox Christian, passionately fond of Russia and Russian customs, strictly limited cosmopolitan force decomposition, if it were some limitations to the bourgeoisie and the revolutionary youth.
Loved and knew the Russian history and culture, was the founder and the first Chairman of the Russian Historical society, was an active participant and partly to his own funds created Russian Museum, after the death of Alexander III and up to 1917 which bore his name.
The Emperor was fond of Russian traditions, including Russian hunt.
In the internal policy of Alexander III was based on the “triumvirate” closest aides (publicist M. Katkov, chief Procurator of the Synod K.P. Pobedonostsev, the Minister of internal affairs D. A. Tolstoy). Took a number of benefits to the worker the Russian people: the sinking of the redemption payments on the reform of 1861, the creation of the Peasant land Bank, the attenuation (in fact, termination) restrictions for the believers.
However adopted a number of measures that limited the rights of elected traditional Russian Zemstvo (the introduction of “local chiefs” in 1889). Unsuccessful measures for conservation landowners land (creation of Noble Bank in 1885). Finally, there were restrictions on access to secondary and higher education of children of the working population (the infamous decrees on “children of cookes”). This inconsistency of actions of Alexander III was explained in part by adherence to a rigid principle of Pobedonostsev:
“Russia should freeze”
In the end, revolutionary and cosmopolitan circles in Russia have been largely suppressed, but the Russian creative forces do not have the proper space. Although the poet A. Block was wrong in known his lines:
“In those years far, the deaf, the country was dominated by sleep and darkness”, but the signs of the so-called “stagnation” were obvious.
The coronation of Alexander III was deferred because of mourning in honour of death of Alexander II.
In the foreign policy of Alexander III and his Minister of foreign Affairs N. Wells spent purely precautionary policy, seeking to defend the country from all sorts of adventures. His nickname “the Peacemaker,” he’s got a genuine public opinion. He managed, without war, reflecting the attempts of aggressive intervention in the UK, bloodless attach to Russia’s vast areas in Central Asia.
The Alliance with Germany was not possible due to the apparent aggressiveness of Prussian militarism. Alexander III was forced to come to agreement with the French Republic, already largely led by Freemasons. Geers, the only Minister Alexander III, remaining from the surroundings of his father’s role is not played, all foreign policy issues were decided by the Emperor.
Russia won the right to keep the Black sea fleet, but the fleet did not exist. September 6, 1881, Alexander III called a Special meeting, it was decided to create a fleet that exceeds Turkish capable of delivering Russian landing to the Sultan’s Palace in Istanbul. The plan was correct, he embodied after the death of Alexander III, in the First world war landing in Istanbul had already planned, but was prevented by the February revolution.
General Alexander III did much for the armed forces, he was belongs to the famous aphorism: “Russia Has only two allies are the army and navy”.
Alexander III often met with his people.
Russia’s main enemy in the 2nd floor. The nineteenth century was the United Kingdom. The main area of its military-political pressure were South-Western borders of the country, where the British fleet was threatening Russian and encouraged Turkey. In the European theatre of Russia has not had sufficient forces for the direct counteraction.
Alexander III, Gears and Minister of war P.F. Bankovsky has chosen the right direction to repel the British threat: areas of Central Asia, in close proximity to India. Skobelev fought to Ashgabat. However, advancing into Asia was mostly peaceful ways: the local tribes, exhausted by centuries of civil strife and robberies on the caravan routes, voluntarily joined Russia.
In 1884 without a single shot Russian citizenship was passed, Merv. Then Russian troops went South on valley R. Morgan up to Kushka, where he was subsequently laid famous fortress.
The Emperor loved his family and every spare moment was devoted to children.
The British Empire tried to give military response in this direction against Russia. The Afghan Emir, English protest, began to capture the Turkmen land. However, the detachment of the general Komarova 18 March 1885 defeated Afghan troops led by British officers. Alexander III waited developments, for Bismarck strongly provoked Russian-English conflict.
This well thought-out and balanced policy has paid off: the British tried to send his squadron in the Black sea, but the Turks, the rapacious colonial actions in nominally Turkish Egypt, the ships through the Straits is not missed. To come from India in the area of Kushka through turbulent Afghanistan Britain was not able to.
The peaceful development of Russia’s vast regions of Central Asia came to a successful end. In 1887 anti-Russian the Commission after two years of careful work has established the exact border between Russia and Afghanistan. This was done so carefully that the border line there is no change to this day.
Possessing a powerful health, Alexander III died before reaching the age of 50 years. Mourned by people who seemed to feel the approach of future shocks.
Alexander III Alexandrovich (the Peacemaker) (26.02.1845 – 20.10.1894), the Russian Emperor (crowned 15.05.1883).
“Without a deep moral sense of man can’t have no love, no honour, nothing, than man is man”