Russian science: Pafnuty Chebyshev
Pafnuty Chebyshev (4  in May 1821, Okatova, Borovsky district, Kaluga Province – November 26 [December 8] in 1894, St. Petersburg) – Russian mathematician and engineer, founder of the St. Petersburg School of Mathematics, St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences since 1859; “The greatest, along with NI Lobachevsky, Russian mathematician of the XIX century.”
Foreign member of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1874), a member of the Royal Society (1877), the Berlin Academy of Sciences (1871), the Bologna Academy of Sciences (1873), the Swedish Academy of Sciences (1893) and other academies and scientific societies.
Initial training and education received at home: mother taught him to read and write Agrippina Ivanovna, arithmetic and French – cousin Avdotya Kvintilianovna Suharёva. In addition, since childhood Pafnutii studied music. One of the children’s hobbies future scientist was to study the mechanisms of toys and automata, with he himself invented and master different mechanical toys. This interest in the mechanisms remain in Chebyshev and in his mature years.
Basic mathematical research Chebyshev refer to number theory, probability theory, approximation theory, mathematical analysis, geometry, applied mathematics.
Creative method Chebyshev distinguished commitment to math problems linked with the issues of science and technology and to the mix of abstract theory and practice
Chebyshev died November 26 (December 8) in 1894 at the desk. Buried in his native estate in the village of Spas-driving out (now Zhukovsky District, Kaluga region) at Transfiguration Church, near the graves of their parents.