Russian scientists: Nikolay Nikolaevich Miklukho-Maklai
Nikolai Nikolaevich Miklukho-Maklai (July 5, 1846, the village of Language-Christmas, Novgorod province – April 2, 1888, St. Petersburg, Russia) – Russian ethnographer, anthropologist, biologist and Explorer, who has studied the indigenous population of South-East Asia, Australia and Oceania (1870-1880-ies), including the Papuans of the North-Eastern coast of New Guinea, called the Maclay Coast.
He got his education in Germany. In 1864-1869, 1870-1882 and 1883-1886 years lived outside Russia, never stayed at home more than a year. Author of over 160 scientific papers, many articles and notes, he published mostly in German and English. Also known as defender of the indigenous peoples of South-East Asia and Oceania, actively campaigned against the slave trade.
Nikolai Nikolaevich Miklukho-Maklai
The Russian biologist and Explorer Nikolai Nikolaevich Miklukho-Maklai
As a scientist, has consistently adhered to the principle of unity of the human race; rejected popular in his time the theory that the black race, including Australian aborigines and Papuans are a transitional species from APE to Homo sapiens.
In 2014 was published in the collection of archival documents “Unknown Miklukho-Maklai”, reflecting his activities as an informant of the Russian government and the Russian Geographical society on foreign policy situation in South-East Asia, Australia and Oceania. Presents 192 document from the archives of Russia, Australia, great Britain, Germany and Italy
Birthday of Miklukho-Maklay unofficially celebrated as a professional holiday of ethnographers.