The Russian emperor-martyr The Monarchist

“The best people are the highest moral development and the highest moral influence”

Dostoevsky, F. M.

The upbringing and education of Nicholas II received under the personal guidance of his father, on traditional religious basis, in Spartan conditions. The teaching of subjects was carried out outstanding Russian scientists K. P. Pobedonostsev, N. N. Beketov, N. N. Obruchev, M. I. Dragomirov and other. Great attention was paid to the military training of the future king.

To the throne of  Nicholas II ascended in 26 years, earlier than expected, resulting in the premature death of his father. Nicholas II was able to quickly recover from the initial confusion and began to conduct independent policy than displeased part of his environment, which hoped to influence the young king. The basis of the state policy of Nicholas II was the continuation of the desire of his father to give Russia “more internal unity through the establishment of a Russian elements of the country”.

In his first address to the people of Nikolai Alexandrovich announced that

“from now on, He takes covenants of the deceased of his parents, accept the sacred vow before God to always have a common goal of peace, prosperity, power, and glory road Russia and the dispensation of happiness of all His loyal subjects”.

In an address to foreign States Nicholas II declared that

“will devote all your worries for the development of internal well-being of Russia and doesn’t shy away from quite peaceful, solid and straightforward policy, so powerfully contributed to the universal calm, and Russia will continue to provide in respect of law and legal order the best guarantee of the security of the state”.

A sample of the ruler for Nicholas II was the emperor Alexei Mikhailovich.

However, the time came to reign, Nicholas II, was very different from the era of the first Romanovs. If folk roots and traditions served as the unifying banner of the society that revered and common people, and the rulers, then to the N. of the XX century Russian roots and traditions become the object of negation on the part of the educated society.

A significant part of the ruling layer and intellectuals rejected the way of the Russian bases, traditions and ideals, many of which they consider to be outlived and ignorant. Not recognize the right of Russia’s own way. Attempts are made to impose someone else’s model for the development of any Western European liberalism, or Western European Marxism.

The tragedy of the life of Nicholas II was in an insoluble contradiction between his deepest conviction to keep the foundations and traditions of Russia and nihilistic attempts of a significant part of the educated classes of the country to destroy them. And it was not only about the preservation of traditional forms of governance, and the salvation of Russian national culture, which, he felt, was in mortal danger. The events of the last eighty years have shown how right was the Russian Emperor.

Throughout his life, Nicholas II felt psychological pressure of these United hostile Russian culture forces. As can be seen from his diaries and correspondence, all of this caused him terrible moral suffering. The firm conviction to keep the foundations and traditions of Russia, combined with a deep sense of responsibility for its destiny did Emperor Nicholas II the ascetic ideas, for which he gave his life.

The Russian emperor-martyr The Monarchist   Nicholas II was recognized messenger of God of the Russian people at the coronation.

“Faith in God and their duty Imperial service, ” writes historian S. C. Oldenburg, “were the basis of all the views of the Emperor Nicholas II. He believed that the responsibility for the fate of Russia lies on him, that he is responsible for them before the Throne of God.

Others may advise, others may hinder It, but the answer for Russia before God rests upon him”. Logical and relevant to the limitation of power – which He considered shifting responsibility to others, not designed, and to individual Ministers, who claimed, in His opinion, too much influence in the state.

For a long time it was thought that the king was subjected his will to the Queen, because she had a more solid character, spiritually led him. This is wrong and very superficial view of their relationship. One can cite many examples in their letters we meet often, as a sovereign steadily pursued his will, if he felt the rightness of his decision. But it can be persuaded to reverse its decision, if he had discovered his mistake and the justice of the claims of the Queen.

The Emperor did not pressure the wife, and acted with conviction. And if it is something and influenced him, kindness and love. The king was very responsive to these feelings, as among the many relatives and courtiers he often felt the falsity and deception. Reading the king’s letters, we see how persistence Nicholas II spent their plans and rejected suggestions his beloved wife, if he thought them wrong.

In addition to a strong will and a brilliant education Nicholas had all the natural qualities required for state activities, first of all, a huge capacity for work. If necessary he could work from morning until late at night, studying numerous documents and materials received in his name. (Incidentally, he willingly engaged in physical labor – sawed wood, shovelling snow, and so on) With alert mind and a broad Outlook, the king quickly grasped the essence of the issues. The king had an exceptional memory for faces and events. He remembered in the face of most of the people with whom he had to deal with, and these people were thousands.

Imp. Nicholas II, noted Oldenburg, and many other historians and public figures of Russia, had an absolutely extraordinary personal charm. He was not fond of celebrations, loud speech, etiquette, he was a burden. He was not like all the phony, artificial, all broadcast advertising. In a close circle, in conversation with eye to eye, he was able to enchant interlocutors, whether high officials or workers visited them to the workshop.

His large grey radiant eyes complement it, looked straight into my soul. These natural data is even more emphasized careful upbringing. “I never met a person more educated than now reigning Emperor Nicholas II,” wrote count Witte already at that time, when he, in essence, was a personal enemy of the Emperor.

The reign of Nicholas II – the most dynamic period of growth in the number of Russian people in its history. Less than a quarter of a century, the population of Russia increased by 62 million people. Rapidly growing economy. For the 1885-1913 industrial production increased five-fold, surpassing the pace of industrial growth in most developed countries of the world.

Was built the Great Siberian railway, in addition, annually built 2 thousand km of Railways. National income of Russia, according to the most understated calculations increased from 8 billion roubles in 1894 to 22-24 billion in 1914, i.e. almost three times. The average income of the Russian people has doubled.

Especially the rapidly growing income of workers in the industry. For a quarter of a century they have grown at least three times. The total cost share of national education and culture has increased 8 times, more than two times ahead of the cost of education in France and half in England.

The personality of Nicholas II played a huge role in Church life in Russia, much more than the role of his Royal predecessors. The deep faith of the king, his regular pilgrimages to Holy places made with the indigenous Russian people. In the reign of Nicholas II was canonized more saints than for the whole of the nineteenth century And, above all, canonized St. Seraphim of Sarov. Were built thousands of new churches. The number of monasteries increased from 774 in the beginning of the reign to 1005 in 1912.

The tutor of the heir to the Throne Gilliard noted restraint and composure Nicholas Alexandrovich, their ability to manage their feelings. Even in relation to unpleasant people, the Emperor tried to keep myself as better. One day the Minister of foreign Affairs C. D. Sazonov expressed his surprise at the calm reaction of the Emperor against unattractive in the moral attitude, the lack of any personal irritation to him. And that’s what it said to the Emperor:

“This string of personal irritation I managed already to get an absolutely shut. Irritability wouldn’t help anything, and besides me sharp word would have sounded harsher than from someone else”.

“Whatever happens in the soul of the Emperor, – says S. D. Sazonov, he never changed in their relationship to surrounding persons. I had to see him close in a moment of great alarm, for the life of the only son, which was concentrated all his tenderness, and, even more restraint, it did not impact the abuses they suffer.”

“In the physical appearance of Nicholas II, ” wrote the wife of the English Ambassador Buchanan was true nobleness and charm, which, in all likelihood, probably lurked in his serious blue eyes, than the liveliness and gaiety of nature”.

Describing the personality of Nicholas II, the German diplomat Earl Rex considered the king of man spiritually gifted, noble thoughts, careful and considerate.

“His manners”, – wrote the diplomat, “so modest and so he shows little external determination that easily come to the conclusion about the absence of strong will; but the people surrounding it, I assure you that he is quite certain will, he is able to implement the most peaceful way”

Persistent and indefatigable will, in carrying out his plans says most of those who knew the king of the people. Up until the plan was not implemented, the king kept returning to him, seeking his. Already mentioned historian Oldenburg says that

“the sovereign, on top of the iron hands, was the velvet glove. His will was like not Gromov shock. She manifested no explosions and no violent clashes; it rather resembled the steady running of the stream from the mountain heights to the plains of the ocean. It goes around obstacles, diverted, but in the end with the same constancy is nearing its goal.”

The Russian emperor-martyr The Monarchist   Nicholas II personally often visited military exercises and tried at the military regime, as a simple soldier.

For a long time it was thought that the king was subjected his will to the Queen, because she had a more solid character, spiritually led him. This is wrong and very superficial view of their relationship. One can cite many examples in their letters we meet often, as a sovereign steadily pursued his will, if he felt the rightness of his decision. But it can be persuaded to reverse its decision, if he had discovered his mistake and the justice of the claims of the Queen.

The Emperor did not pressure the wife, and acted with conviction. And if it is something and influenced him, kindness and love. The king was very responsive to these feelings, as among the many relatives and courtiers he often felt the falsity and deception. Reading the king’s letters, we see how persistence Nicholas II spent their plans and rejected suggestions his beloved wife, if he thought them wrong.

In addition to a strong will and a brilliant education Nicholas had all the natural qualities required for state activities, first of all, a huge capacity for work. If necessary he could work from morning until late at night, studying numerous documents and materials received in his name. (Incidentally, he willingly engaged in physical labor – sawed wood, shovelling snow, and so on) With alert mind and a broad Outlook, the king quickly grasped the essence of the issues. The king had an exceptional memory for faces and events. He remembered in the face of most of the people with whom he had to deal with, and these people were thousands.

Imp. Nicholas II, noted Oldenburg, and many other historians and public figures of Russia, had an absolutely extraordinary personal charm. He was not fond of celebrations, loud speech, etiquette, he was a burden. He was not like all the phony, artificial, all broadcast advertising. In a close circle, in conversation with eye to eye, he was able to enchant interlocutors, whether high officials or workers visited them to the workshop.

His large grey radiant eyes complement it, looked straight into my soul. These natural data is even more emphasized careful upbringing. “I never met a person more educated than now reigning Emperor Nicholas II,” wrote count Witte already at that time, when he, in essence, was a personal enemy of the Emperor.

The reign of Nicholas II – the most dynamic period of growth in the number of Russian people in its history. Less than a quarter of a century, the population of Russia increased by 62 million people. Rapidly growing economy. For the 1885-1913 industrial production increased five-fold, surpassing the pace of industrial growth in most developed countries of the world.

Was built the Great Siberian railway, in addition, annually built 2 thousand km of Railways. National income of Russia, according to the most understated calculations increased from 8 billion roubles in 1894 to 22-24 billion in 1914, i.e. almost three times. The average income of the Russian people has doubled. Especially the rapidly growing income of workers in the industry. For a quarter of a century they have grown at least three times.

The total cost share of national education and culture has increased 8 times, more than two times ahead of the cost of education in France and half in England.

The personality of Nicholas II played a huge role in Church life in Russia, much more than the role of his Royal predecessors. The deep faith of the king, his regular pilgrimages to Holy places made with the indigenous Russian people. In the reign of Nicholas II was canonized more saints than for the whole of the nineteenth century And, above all, canonized St. Seraphim of Sarov. Were built thousands of new churches. The number of monasteries increased from 774 in the beginning of the reign to 1005 in 1912.

The Russian emperor-martyr The Monarchist   Nicholas II with his family shortly before they death.

The time of Nicholas II is not only the period of national revival, but also a high-energy organization of anti-Russian forces, their penetration in many vital centres of Russia. Using imposed on Russia war and the difficulties associated with it, the internal enemies of the Russian coup d’etat.

The king was forced to abdicate and went to prison. Contained first in Tsarskoe Selo, then in Tobolsk and Yekaterinburg, where he was together with his family viciously murdered by the Bolsheviks. As can be seen from the materials of the investigation conducted at the direction of A. C. Kolchak investigator N. A. Sokolov, the murder of the last Russian Tsar was a ritual and had for its organizers mystical sense as a special effect in the act of destruction of the Russian Orthodox state.

Nicholas II (Nikolai Alexandrovich Romanov) (19.05.1868-17.07.1918), the Russian King, the Russian Emperor, the Martyr, son of Emperor Alexander III.

“The main thing in the person is not the mind, and the fact that it is controlled by him: nature, heart, good feelings, good ideas”

Dostoevsky, F. M.