Why abandon the old one, if it works!
Modern monarchy are not simply a reminder of the past era. They display a remarkable vitality and show its relevance in our days. All this in order.
By the beginning of XX century the Spanish Kingdom was in a state of deep depression and crisis. The country went into the twentieth century, being a backward semi-feudal country with strong ethnic, class and ideological hostility. In a special position in the state was the army, which was a actually a state within a state.
King Alfonso XIII and his government did not intend to conduct necessary for the country’s reforms. Any attempts to protest against the regime brutally suppressed by the troops and the Civil guard.
In 1931 the Spanish monarchy actually lost power. on April 12 in the state were free municipal elections in the major cities of the triumph of the opposition parties was never in doubt, although in the rural areas were the leaders still monarchists. The influence of monarchical convictions not only remained stable, but showed growth!
Monarchy in the person of Alfonso XIII has always been associated with the stability and well-being.
The defeat of the populists
Under the influence of numerous demonstrations of supporters of the Republican form of government on April 14, Alfonso XIII emigrated, but the throne is not formally renounced. Spain was proclaimed a Republic. Uncertain policy temporary populist government threw Spain into the abyss of acute political crises: from 1931 to 1936, the Republic has experienced more than 20 governmental crises. Twice attempts were made to change the state system. Some policies screamed louder and with new simple and clear slogans, little different from the others, took not yet had time to cool chairs.
Under the circumstances, the power in the hands decide to take military with the aim of establishing a dictatorship and deliverance of Spain from the “red menace”. The rebellion against the Republican government began on the evening of July 17, 1936 in Spanish Morocco.
29 September 1936 was held elections for a new leader among generals of the rebels won by Francisco Franco. He was young, energetic, smart, had no political affiliations he was not unlike other generals did not show sympathy for the parties, nor the Spanish Traditionalist Phalanx of the Assemblies of the National Syndicalist Offensive, neither monarchist nor right Republican. He was awarded the title of Generalissimo and the title of the leader.
The king of Spain Alfonso XIII and Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg is a living example of the superiority of monarchy over Republic and totalitarian regime.
All for the sake of the world and son…
Unlike most of the monarchs of the world Alfonso reigned from birth: he was born after the death of his father Alfonso XII on may 17, 1886, and was proclaimed king. Unfortunately, Alfonso XIII of the rules is not to death: he was expelled from the country by the revolution of 1931.
Young king fell to the Spanish-American war, the loss of Cuba and the Philippines, the beginning of the political crisis in the country. During the years of his reign anarchists killed four Prime Ministers of Spain. In 1902, at the age of 16, the young monarch was proclaimed of age. During hard times: the raging flu in the last months of the First world war in 1918, the king also became ill, but with God’s help – recovered. June 3, 1928, he was awarded the title of British field Marshal.
Alfonso was married in 1906 to the Princess Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg, daughter of Henry of Battenberg and granddaughter of Queen Victoria. During the wedding, the Royal family was made the attempt.
Monarch Alfonso XII was not familiar with his son and predecessor.
Queen of the stress kept to himself and was unpopular for a new home. Her married life had improved when she gave birth to a son and heir, Alfonso, Prince of Asturias. However, happiness faded detected in a child with hemophilia.
Shortly before his death in 1941, Alfonso XIII formally abdicated the Spanish throne in favor of only healthy son Juan. Interesting fact: during the revolution, when Alfonso XIII was forced to leave the country, he did not abdicate the throne. Alfonso XIII died February 28, 1941 in Rome.
The Queen has devoted herself to charity. She participated in the organization of the Spanish red cross. She was 976-first Lady of the Royal order of Queen Maria Luisa. In 1923, Pope Pius XI gave her the Golden Rose.
Alfonso XIII was hoping that his voluntary exile can prevent a civil war between Republicans and nationalists, and the Royal family went into exile. They moved to France, then to Italy. Victoria and Alfonso were living separately, she lived in the UK and in Switzerland. In 1939, after the outbreak of the Second world war, Victoria left the UK, she bought Chateau Fontaine, near Lausanne.
The baptism of the new Prince
In 1938, the family gathered in Rome at the baptism of his eldest son don Juan, don Juan Carlos. Victoria briefly returned to Spain in February 1968, to become the godmother of her great-grandson, don Felipe, son of don Juan Carlos and Princess Sofia.
Victoria died in Lausanne on 15 April 1969, at the age of 81 years. She was buried in the Church of the Sacred Heart in Lausanne (Paris).
25 April 1985, her remains were returned to Spain and reburied in the Royal Site of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, near the remains of her husband. Great-grandson of Victoria, Felipe is currently the king of Spain. She was also the godmother of Albert II, the reigning king of Monaco.
Queen Victoria was a frequent guest at the fashion show.